The Department of Geology, Ọbáfémi Awólówò University, Nigeria is located in the Physical Sciences Building of the University, which has the most beautiful home campus in Africa. The campus is situated in the ancient city of Ilé-Ifè, the cradle of the Yorùbá nation and veritable repository of its culture.
The Department was established as a unit in the Department of Physics in April 1965 at the Ìbàdàn campus of the then University of Ifè. The Department ran a BSc degree in Geology until 1974/75 academic year when BSc Applied Geophysics degree programme was introduced. It was the first Department to introduce the undergraduate Applied Geophysics programme in Nigeria.